The first human settlements on the Island of Elba date back to about 4000 years ago, but it was thanks to the arrival of the Etruscans and the Romans that this land became an important crossroads of people, histories and cultures.
Over the centuries, these peoples brought to the island plants hitherto absent, giving rise to different crops: from that of chestnut trees, useful for the production of naval material, to that of vines, from which they obtained the precious wine, now famous in Worldwide.
In medieval and Renaissance times, Elba was put to fire and sword by Moorish pirates and forts and lookout towers were erected, some of which can still be visited today.
A few centuries later, Napoleon made the Island of Elba his haven of peace from wars and military campaigns; he enriched and modernized it by building schools, roads, administrative buildings and renovating many places of striking beauty, such as Villa dei Mulini and Villa San Martino.
Thanks to the wealth of sites for the extraction of iron and its strategic position, Elba was used as a construction site and warehouse for weapons during the two World Wars.
Today, the largest of the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago is considered one of the most beautiful Italian and world tourist resorts, boasting a territorial wealth and a truly unique historical-naturalistic tradition.